NEW YORK — If 2013 was a year where the stock market went straight up, 2014 has started off as a year where the stock market moves sideways.
There was plenty for investors to worry about in the first three months of the year, from tensions between Russia and the West over Ukraine and the winter storms that froze the U.S. economy in January and February. As a result, investors focused their attention on buying and holding “safe” investments, such as bonds, dividend-paying stocks, and gold.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 rose 1.3 percent in the first three months of 2013. The Dow Jones industrial average lost 0.7 percent so far this year, and the Nasdaq composite is up 0.5 percent.
It was S&P 500’s its fifth-straight quarterly gain.
It was also the index’s worst quarter since the fourth quarter of 2012.
“I think this bull market is starting to show signs of fatigue,” said Wayne Wilbanks, chief investment officer at Wilbanks, Smith, Thomas in Norfolk, Va., which manages roughly $2.4 billion in assets.
It was all about safety this quarter.
Utility and health care stocks, which typically pay larger-than-average dividends and are less volatile than other stocks, rose 9 percent and 5.5 percent, respectively. Those two sectors were among the laggards last year.
Riskier growth-oriented stocks, particularly in biotechnology, consumer discretionary and technology stocks, fared the worst. Among the biggest decliners this quarter, Twitter fell 27 percent, biotechnology company Celgene dropped 17 percent and Amazon.com fell 16 percent.
Bonds were widely expected to do poorly in 2014 because the Federal Reserve was winding down its bond-buying program and the U.S. economy was improving. Instead, they did better than the stock market.
The Barclays Aggregate Bond Index, a broad measure of the bond market that includes Treasurys, corporate and other types of bonds, is up 1.9 percent this quarter.
Even gold did well this quarter. After getting slammed in 2013, gold rose nearly 7 percent in the first quarter of 2014.
Few investors expected 2013’s momentum to hold into this year, however.
“We had such an incredible year last year, people were willing to take a break and wait it out,” said J.J. Kinahan, chief strategist with TD Ameritrade.
On Monday, the Dow rose 134.60 points, or 0.8 percent, to 16,457.66, the S&P 500 rose 14.72 points, or 0.8 percent, to 1,872.34 and the Nasdaq composite rose 43.23 points, or 1 percent, to 4,198.99.