Thursday, December 12, 2013
By Barbara Surk / The Associated Press
BEIRUT — Al-Qaida-linked gunmen killed a rebel commander in northwestern Syria, an activist group and an opposition spokeswoman said Friday, in a sign of increased tensions and infighting among groups battling the Damascus regime.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said members of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant — a reportedly merged group made up of al-Qaida's branches in Iraq and Syria — were behind the shooting of the Free Syrian Army commander, Kamal Hamami.
The incident came as Syria's main opposition bloc complained that "elements in the U.S. Congress" are obstructing the Obama administration's efforts to step up support for the rebels fighting to topple President Bashar Assad's regime from power.
The Observatory said Hamami was shot dead late Thursday after militants tried to remove a checkpoint he set up in the Jabal al-Akrad mountain in the coastal province of Latakia. It said two of his men were seriously wounded in the shooting.
Activists have in the past reported occasional clashes between rebel groups and Islamic militants active in rebel-held areas, especially in the north where the opposition has control of a large part of the territory.
There has also been infighting between Kurdish and Arab groups over control of territory captured from government along the border with Turkey in the past year. That fighting subsided after a cease-fire agreement early this year.
Hamami's killing would underline a deepening power struggle between moderate and extremist groups fighting in Syrian civil war.
A spokeswoman for the Syrian National Coalition, Sarah Karkour, said the Free Syrian Army has confirmed Hamami's death at the "hands of the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant." She did not elaborate.
The SNC is a political wing of the Free Syrian Army, or FSA, the umbrella rebel group.
The FSA regrouped in December under a unified rebel command called the Supreme Military Council, following promises of more military assistance once a central council was in place. The Western-backed council is headed by Gen. Salim Idriss, who defected from the Syrian army, and a 30-member group of senior officers. Idriss spent 35 years in the Syrian military and is seen as a secular-minded moderate.
Some FSA units still operate autonomously, however, often fighting alongside more effective groups on the battlefield, including the al-Qaida-affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra, which has led most successful battles for army bases, villages and towns in the north along the border with Turkey.
The group, known in English as The Nusra Front, has claimed responsibility for several car bombs and suicide attacks on military installations and government buildings, including in the capital Damascus, the seat of Assad's power.
The Nusra Front's success on the battlefield has been a contentious issue within al-Qaida.
In April, the head of Iraq's al-Qaida arm announced a merger with the Syrian branch — a claim the Nusra Front's leader quickly rebuffed. Earlier this month, al-Qaida's global leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri, was quoted as trying to end the squabbling, insisting that the merger should be dissolved.
In June, The Nusra Front claimed responsibility for multiple suicide attacks on security compounds in Damascus that killed at least five people. The group had been silent about its activities for two months and the claim could be an indication it has resumed operations on the battlefield autonomously.
In a statement late Thursday, the Western-backed SNC urged Congress to back arms deliveries to the rebels.
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