August 26, 2013

Western leaders consider their options in Syria

By Lori Hinnant / The Associated Press

PARIS — Western leaders are discussing whether to stage a military response to last week's alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria. France and Germany, which refused to support the 2003 Iraq invasion, suggested Monday they may take part. Russia said any such intervention would violate international law.

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Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov says Western nations calling for military action against Syria have no proof that the Syrian government is behind the alleged chemical weapons attack.

ASSOCIATED PRESS

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FRANCE

President Francois Hollande says time is running out for the Syrian regime and airstrikes are a possibility.

"Everything will come into play this week," he told Le Parisien newspaper. "There are several options on the table, ranging from strengthening international sanctions to airstrikes to arming the rebels.

Hollande spoke with President Barack Obama on Sunday and told him France, like Britain, would support him in a targeted military intervention, according to the paper.

"It's still too early to say categorically what will happen," he was quoted as saying. "The U.N. experts are going to investigate on site. We also have to allow time for the diplomatic process. But not too much. We can't go without a reaction when confronted with chemical weapons."

Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said "all the options are open. The only option that I can't imagine would be to do nothing."

GERMANY

Germany suggested for the first time it may support the use of force if a chemical weapons attack is confirmed.

"The suspected large-scale use of poison gas breaks a taboo even in this Syrian conflict that has been so full of cruelty," Chancellor Angela Merkel's spokesman, Steffen Seibert, said Monday. "It's a serious breach of the international Chemical Weapons Convention, which categorically bans the use of these weapons. It must be punished, it cannot remain without consequences."

Germany has "very clear evidence that this was a chemical weapons attack," Seibert said. He declined to speculate on what kind of response might now be needed in Syria, but repeatedly refused to rule out the use of force.

RUSSIA

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Western nations calling for military action against Syria have no proof the regime is behind the alleged attack.

Lavrov says the countries calling for action have assumed the role of "both investigators and the U.N. Security Council" in probing the incident.

"They cannot produce evidence, but keep on saying that the 'red line' has been crossed and they cannot wait any longer," he said at a Moscow news conference.

Lavrov likened the situation in Syria to the run-up before the 2003 Iraq invasion. He warned against military intervention in Syria, saying "the use of force without a sanction of the U.N. Security Council is a crude violation of international law."

BRITAIN

Foreign Secretary William Hague said disagreements among the five U.N. Security Council members have prevented any action over Syria from being taken for too long and "complete unity" wasn't necessary to launch a response.

"We cannot in the 21st century allow the idea that chemical weapons can be used with impunity," he said.

British Prime Minister David Cameron's office said lawmakers could be recalled to debate any potential action over Syria as soon as this week and that Cameron plans to meet with national security advisers Wednesday. Cameron's spokesman said London reserves "the ability to take action swiftly if needed."

Cameron later called Vladimir Putin and told the Russian leader there was little doubt that Syrian forces had been responsible and prevented immediate U.N. access to the site, "suggesting they had something to hide," the premier's office said. Both agreed that any use of chemical weapons would merit a serious response from the international community, but Putin said there was no evidence about whether they had been used in Syria and, if so, who was responsible.

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