Tuesday, December 10, 2013
HALLOWELL - Employees at Maine's largest medical marijuana dispensary group have unionized -- they say against management's wishes -- days after a state investigation set off by workers found the company violated state laws and rules.
According to an employee, "a majority" of Wellness Connection employees have joined the United Food and Commercial Workers Union, a national group of 1.3 million members, mostly working in meat- and food-packing industries.
Becky DeKeuster, executive director of Wellness Connection of Maine, wouldn't directly answer questions on whether the company would recognize the union. "With a union or without a union, WCM is going to continue to improve," she repeated, while saying her workforce is free to negotiate.
But, DeKeuster said, the company is hearing the concerns of the employees that had it investigated.
She attributed much of the employee frustration to rapid company growth.
"We're dealing with a lot of challenges," she said. "The end result is going to be improved conditions for them, for our patients, for everybody."
On Monday, the Maine Department of Health and Human Services released the investigation's findings, saying Wellness Connection violated 20 state laws and rules, most notably rules surrounding pesticide application. The state said nine types of pesticides were used over four growing cycles, roughly since mid-2012.
DeKeuster said since Wellness Connection has been growing marijuana, plants have been treated with natural pesticides, like certain types of vegetable oils. She said she didn't know when certain pesticides were introduced.
But Dan Rush, national director of the union's Medical Cannabis and Hemp Division Campaign, said employees approached him after a brief employee walkout in February, which DeKeuster confirmed and said took place in its Auburn growing facility.
That walkout came prior to the state investigation, which DHHS said began March 4 at the Auburn location after an employee complaint. Later, more employees complained, the state has said.
The labor unrest at Wellness Connection was announced in a Friday email to the Portland Press Herald by Barbara Heap, an employee at the company's Auburn cultivation center. The Wellness Connection operates dispensaries serving about 2,400 patients from locations in Portland, Hallowell, Thomaston and Brewer,
In the email, Heap said she and others attempted to address state violations with management before reporting them to regulators, but "managers refused to answer our questions or address our concerns."
"For our employer to put profits and convenience over patient safety and health is not only wrong, but also morally reprehensible," she said.
DeKeuster told regulators "staff has voiced their concern about the use of pesticides" and "patients are not being made aware of such use on their medicine," according to state documents.
In an interview, DeKeuster acknowledged that many employees "felt like they weren't being heard."
It hasn't been long since the state started regulating pesticides in medical marijuana. Maine banned pesticide use in an update program late last year, for the first time since state management of the program started.
The definition of pesticide is broad, including even natural substances, the state has said.
In an email, John Martins, with the DHHS, said the rule change was made because there was "no reference to pesticides in the original rules as there was no cultivation or growing when the program was launched."
DeKeuster said treatment of plants with certain natural pesticides has been an "unspoken" rule of the industry in many cases, and Maine should carve out a less narrow definition of "pesticide" for growers to abide by, she said. Until then, she said the group will abide by Maine's standard. "This is a great opportunity for us to establish standards," DeKeuster said.
But aside from standards, the organizational problem is deeper, according to the union.
"Employees were not all comfortable with using pesticides," Rush said. "All they want is their voices to be heard."
But Rush said he met on Monday with Wellness Connection management in Augusta, and they denied giving the union voluntary recognition, as "it was in their interests to not enter into neutrality or voluntary recognition with the union."
He said he thinks he has a majority of the company's employees. DeKeuster declined to discuss the status of union negotiations, while both said they were open to having more meetings.
"Workers are coming to us to find dignity and respect in the workplace," Rush said.
"Our goal is to deliver the same respect and dignity to our medical cannabis industry" as other workers in the union.
Michael Shepherd can be contacted at 620-7015 or at: