Thursday, April 17, 2014
The Associated Press
BELGRADE, Serbia – Jovanka Broz, who fought with Yugoslavia’s anti-Nazi resistance movement during World War II, then married the country’s communist dictator, Josip Broz Tito, died on Sunday. She was 88.
In this May 2001 file photo, Jovanka Broz, the widow of former Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito stands by his tomb after laying a wreath during a ceremony in Belgrade, Serbia. Hospital officials announced on Sunday that Jovanka Broz, the widow of former Yugoslav dictator Josip Broz Tito, has died. She was 88.
The Associated Press
Broz, who was Tito’s wife for nearly 30 years, died of heart failure at Belgrade’s emergency hospital, where she had been receiving care since late August, said Zlatibor Loncar, its director.
“With Broz’s death, we are left without one of the last most reliable witnesses of our former country’s history,” Prime Minister Ivica Dacic of Serbia said in a message of condolence.
Tito, who led the Partisan communist guerrilla group that fought the Nazi occupiers of Yugoslavia during the Second World War, took power in the nation after the conflict.
He ruled the multiethnic federation with a heavy hand, but also kept close relations with the West and gave Yugoslavia’s citizens liberties such as free travel that were not allowed in other communist nations at the time.
Tito died in 1980, and Yugoslavia, a six-member federation, fell apart in early 1990s in a series of ethnic conflicts. Seven independent nations emerged after warfare that left 100,000 people dead and millions homeless.
Broz, an ethnic Serb, briefly met Tito, an ethnic Croat, during World War II while she fought as a marksman in the first female brigade of the Partisans. But it wasn’t until she was assigned to work with the communist leader after the war that their relationship developed.
The two married in 1952.
Over the next two decades, Broz accompanied Tito during his many international trips and at meetings with foreign leaders and celebrities, including British royals, U.S. President Richard Nixon and Hollywood stars.
The couple started having problems and drifted apart in the 1970s. After Tito’s death, his successors accused Jovanka of ambitions to take over the country and placed her under house arrest.
Broz said she was kicked out of her residence, which was ransacked and her personal belongings impounded.
Later, as Tito’s personality cult crumbled and his once-glorified role in Yugoslavia’s history came under scrutiny, Broz mostly remained in isolation.
In a rare interview in 2001, she told the Blic newspaper that she lived in a Belgrade house without heating and often no electricity, and that she had no income or property to support herself.
“I’m totally deprived of any rights,” Broz said at the time.
She did not hold valid Serbian identity documents until 2009, when a pro-democracy Serbian government moved to improve her status.
On Sunday, Serbian premier Dacic said in his message that “unfortunately the historic injustice has just started to be undone at the end of her life.” He said his government supports burying Broz at the same complex where Tito’s tomb is located in a residential area of Belgrade.
The couple did not have children.
Broz’s funeral arrangements were not immediately announced.