November 29, 2012

'Sonny' Black Eagle, Crow tribal elder, 78

The traditional healer was a strong advocate for preserving the tribe's traditions and culture.

The Associated Press

BILLINGS, Mont. - An elder from Montana's Crow Indian Tribe whose family ceremoniously adopted then-Sen. Barack Obama during the 2008 presidential race has died.

Barack Obama, Hartford "Sonny" Black Eagle Jr., Mary Black Eagle
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President Obama, Crow tribal elder Hartford “Sonny” Black Eagle Jr. and his wife, Mary Black Eagle, appear at the White House Tribal Nations Conference last December.

The Associated Press

Hartford "Sonny" Black Eagle Jr. died Monday at his home in Lodge Grass on the tribe's reservation in the southeastern part of the state, said his son, Crow tribal Chairman Cedric Black Eagle.

The 78-year-old traditional healer died in his sleep after battling respiratory problems stemming from a severe case of pneumonia several months ago, Cedric Black Eagle said.

Obama called Black Eagle's wife, Mary, on Wednesday to express his condolences, a White House official said.

Hartford Black Eagle and his family adopted Obama when the candidate visited the reservation in the weeks leading up to Montana's Democratic primary.

As part of the adoption, Obama attended a purification ceremony where he was prayed over by Black Eagle and received a Crow name that translates as "One Who Helps People Throughout the Land."

Cedric Black Eagle said his father considered the 2008 adoption ceremony one of the proudest moments in his life and subsequently considered it his duty to make sure Native American voices were heard.

"He felt like he was representing all of Indian Country as a spokesman, and always telling his (adopted) son, the president, that he has to make sure all of the people in Indian Country are heard and try to help them all," Cedric Black Eagle said.

Hartford Black Eagle and his wife later attended Obama's presidential inauguration and several Christmas dinners at the White House, said his son.

During destructive flooding on the reservation last year that left Lodge Grass largely isolated and forced many tribal members from their homes, Obama called Hartford and Mary Black Eagle to check on their safety, Cedric Black Eagle said.

Hartford Black Eagle was born during the Great Depression and grew up on his family's ranch outside Lodge Grass.

After his mother died of tuberculosis when he was a baby, Black Eagle was raised by his grandparents and later became a strong advocate for preserving the Crow's traditions and culture.

He taught the Crow language and traditional dances to his eight children, his son said.


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