In this file photo, people move through the third floor between the House and Senate chambers at the State House in Augusta. The Maine Legislature's budget-writing committee Wednesday unanimously approved on an emergency spending plan to fix Maine's $153 million budget shortfall.
By Steve Mistler
State House Bureau
AUGUSTA – After several days of back-room negotiations, the Legislature's budget-writing committee Wednesday unanimously passed a $153.2 million supplemental spending plan that closes a gap in the state's current budget.
The unanimous vote bodes well for final action on the floors of the House and Senate before the close of the fiscal year June 30. Lawmakers need a two-thirds majority to override any potential veto by Gov. Paul LePage, should he object to any parts of the budget agreed to Tuesday.
The LePage administration proposed the budget in January. The Legislature has made changes to the plan, which included a series of cuts to education and health and human services programs. The shortfall was mostly due to a $118 million funding gap at the Department of Health and Human Services, which overran projected costs for MaineCare, Maine's Medicaid program, by nearly $88 million.
The panel endorsed several of the governor's reductions, but negotiated a deal that preserved the state-funded program that provides drugs for the elderly.
The committee also spurned LePage's proposal to cap General Assistance payments to municipalities at $10.1 million. Republicans and Democrats reasoned that the cut would not yield appreciable savings for the current budget year ending June 30. The decision does not end the debate over the General Assistance cap, however. LePage has proposed the same limitation in his two-year budget.
The budget passed out of committee maintained the governor's proposal to cut $12.6 million in education funding to school districts this year and delay another $18.5 million in education aid until next year.
However, Republicans and Democrats finally settled a financially insignificant, but politically sensitive proposal to exclude charter schools from the education cuts. LePage had originally exempted the state's two operating charter schools, but Democrats on the Education Committee attempted to include the approximately $5,000 subsidy in the reductions.
Democrats argued that if public schools are going to endure cuts, so should charter schools. Republicans immediately cried foul, saying that the Democrats' decision, which did not include private academies, showed that the party wanted charter schools to fail.
The subsidy became a standoff of principles -- and later a negotiating tool -- between the two sides.
The budget shortfall was driven by overruns in the state's Medicaid program. Over $33 million was due to savings initiatives that were passed by the previous Legislature but were not realized, including Medicaid cuts that were recently rejected by the federal government.
The rejected cuts include nearly $15 million that would have been saved by making childless adults and 19- and 20-year-olds ineligible for Medicaid. Nearly $6 million would have been saved by removing parents who were just at, or 33 percent above, the federal poverty level -- $23,550 for a four-person family this year, according to the federal data.
The budget committee made other changes to the governor's budget. It preserved LePage's proposal to cut $65,000 from the indigent legal services, which provides legal defense for people who can't afford to hire a lawyer. However, the committee authorized the governor to fund the program by up to $2 million if he find funds in the budget.
The panel also reduced the size of cuts for substance-abuse treatment and mental health service providers. It rejected $5 million in reduced reimbursement rates for rural hospitals and outpatient services.
The committee also restored half of the $1.4 million cut in state-funded subsidies for adoptions.
Steve Mistler can be contacted at 620-7016 or at: