Saturday, December 7, 2013
By LISA MASCARO and CHRISTI PARSONS Tribune Washington Bureau
With the sudden collapse of House Speaker John A. Boehner's Plan B to avert most year-end tax increases, President Barack Obama and congressional leaders face a daunting choice: compromise in the few days remaining before tax hikes and spending cuts kick in, or call it quits and soar off the fiscal cliff.
Speaker of the House John Boehner, R-Ohio, joined by House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-Va., left, speaks to reporters about the fiscal cliff negotiations at the Capitol in Washington, Friday, Dec. 21, 2012. Hopes for avoiding the "fiscal cliff" that threatens the U.S. economy fell Friday after fighting among congressional Republicans cast doubt on whether any deal reached with President Barack Obama could win approval ahead of automatic tax increases and deep spending cuts kick in Jan. 1. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
Obama appeared in the White House briefing room late Friday to urge congressional leaders to at least prevent income tax hikes on household income of less than $250,000, continue long-term unemployment benefits and delay the mandatory spending cuts set to begin in January.
"Call me a hopeless optimist, but I actually still think we can get it done," Obama said before leaving with his family to spend Christmas in Hawaii.
The president's plea was a retreat from the much broader deal he had sought during private talks with Boehner, which fell apart this week as the Ohio Republican pursued a separate course. By suggesting last-ditch action on priorities that are most important to Democrats, Obama is not likely to attract an enthusiastic GOP response.
Obama talked with Boehner by telephone before he spoke, and met at the White House with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev. — a trusted partner who could help craft a deal in the Senate. All sides expect to return to Washington next week.
"Everybody can cool off; everybody can drink some eggnog, have some Christmas cookies, sing some Christmas carols, enjoy the company of loved ones," the president said. "Think about the obligations we have to the people who sent us here."
Even this more modest request will likely run into opposition from Republicans as they weigh whether to seek a better agreement or stomach the tax hikes that will happen Jan. 1, if nothing is done.
The options carry political and practical calculations for all sides — and could determine not only whether every American sees a bigger tax bill, but also whether Obama's second term will be consumed by more chaotic budget debates.
Although Boehner's stature appears diminished by his failure to persuade GOP colleagues to support his tax plan — which would have raised taxes on millionaires — Republican support, or at least acquiescence, will be required for congressional action.
That includes Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the Senate minority leader. Obama will face continued pressure to sweeten his budget plan so McConnell does not put up a filibuster fight.
McConnell is a close-to-the-vest operator eyeing his own run for re-election in two years. If a budget deal cleared the Senate, that would pressure Boehner to bring it to a vote — even if most of his Republican colleagues opposed it — and allow it to pass with Democratic support. That would threaten his authority as speaker, which stems, in part, from controlling what legislation comes to the House floor.
Boehner dealt himself a blow — and strengthened the Democrats' hand — with his "Plan B," which conservatives rejected as a tax increase. The proposal would have kept most tax rates the same, but allowed the scheduled increase on incomes above $1 million to take effect. The rate would have risen from 35 percent to 39.6 percent.
Despite the setback, Boehner reasserted himself Friday, flanked by his sometime-rival, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor of Virginia, in a public display of solidarity.
As for a deal, the speaker said, "How we get there, God only knows."
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