Tuesday, December 10, 2013
WASHINGTON - On Monday, the U.S. Department of Labor will celebrate two important anniversaries, one of which involves a pioneering labor leader with Maine roots.
Frances Perkins, the first woman appointed to a U.S. Cabinet post,greets President Franklin Roosevelt in this 1940s photo.
Frances Perkins Center
On March 4, 1913, President William Howard Taft signed a bill creating the Labor Department. Precisely 20 years later, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt made history by nominating Frances Perkins to be the first woman to hold a U.S. Cabinet post.
Perkins, who is buried in her family plot in Newcastle, Maine, was Roosevelt's labor secretary and one of FDR's top economic advisers during the Great Depression. She helped steer his New Deal agenda and was pivotal in the creation of Social Security, the establishment of a minimum wage and passage of legislation protecting workers' right to organize.
The headquarters building of the U.S. Department of Labor in Washington, D.C., is named for Perkins, who was also the longest-serving secretary of labor in U.S. history.
Roosevelt's letter, from March 4, 1933, nominating Perkins contains a single line: "I nominate Frances Perkins of New York to be secretary of labor." But an addendum attached to the bottom of the White House stationery by Edwin A. Halsey, the secretary of the Senate in 1933, makes clear this was no typical nomination.
"This is the first instance of a woman being appointed to a Cabinet position," Halsey wrote.
Perkins was born in Massachusetts, but her family's roots in Maine date back to the 1700s. She spent most summers at the family home in Newcastle, which now houses the Frances Perkins Center.
CONGRESS URGED TO 'FEEL PAIN'
Frustrated over Washington's inability to find a better way to dish out $85 billion in across-the-board budget cuts, a state lawmaker fired off a petition last week calling on members of Congress to forgo a chunk of their own pay.
Rep. Diane Russell's sentiment apparently resonated with others -- more than 200,000 others by Saturday afternoon, to be exact.
"As a state politician in Maine, I am seeing first-hand the devastating impact these cuts will have on our local communities," Russell, D-Portland, wrote in the petition posted on signon.org. "Why should our congressional representatives not feel some of the pain, if they're so convinced that cuts are the answer? The least they can do is cut their own salaries first."
CLIMBING INTO MEDICARE
Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., and Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, began their leadership of the Senate Special Committee on Aging last week by delving into the core issue facing Medicare: delivering quality care to a growing number of seniors without bankrupting the country.
In her opening statement, Collins noted that Medicare accounts for 15 percent of total federal spending today and will only rise as the baby boomer generation ages.
"I've opposed past efforts to restructure Medicare in ways that I believe could be harmful to the 50 million American seniors and disabled individuals who rely on the program," said Collins, the ranking Republican on the committee. "I believe, however, that there are changes that can be made without jeopardizing access to affordable quality health care for our nation's seniors. The real key to getting Medicare costs under control is to get health care costs under control."
The committee heard presentations on the need to spend more money on helping seniors prevent such common diseases as diabetes to save money down the road.
In the coming weeks, the committee plans to hold hearings on lottery scams that have stolen untold millions of dollars from seniors, including many in Maine and New England.
SEEKING SENATE TRANSPARENCY
Freshman Sen. Angus King has joined an effort to end a Senate tradition that has irked watchdog groups, journalists and curious citizens for years.
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