Wednesday, April 23, 2014
PORTLAND – Rick Hagan counts on the specialized dental care offered at Clinical Services to keep his teeth clean and healthy.
On Thursday, dental hygienist Torey Richard cleans the teeth of patient Rick Hagan, 45, of Bath, who has bipolar disorder, at the state-funded dental clinic on Preble Street in Portland.
John Ewing / Staff Photographer
Timothy Towle has been the Preble Street clinic’s full-time dentist for nearly 20 years. His clients have behavioral, cognitive and physical disabilities. More than 500 require intravenous sedation to be able to sit still in the dentist’s chair.
John Ewing / Staff Photographer
Hagan, who lives in Bath and has bipolar disorder, is one of more than 3,000 people with mental illnesses or intellectual disabilities across southern Maine who visit the state-funded dental clinic at 63 Preble St.
Now, because Gov. Paul LePage's proposed state budget would close the clinic in June, Hagan and other patients fear they will no longer have access to regular dental care. Hagan, 45, said he barely survives on Social Security disability payments and MaineCare, the state's form of Medicaid.
"If I had to pay for dental care, it would pretty much clean me out," Hagan said Thursday, while he was at the clinic to have his teeth cleaned. "I'm worried that LePage is hellbent on hurting people and getting rid of anyone who isn't up to his standards."
LePage's office did not respond to a request for comment.
The planned elimination of the $800,000-a-year dental program is among $52 million in cuts that the LePage administration has proposed for the Department of Health and Human Services in a $6.2 billion budget for the two years that start July 1.
Staffers at the clinic hope the Legislature will find a way to fund the program.
Rep. Dick Farnsworth, D-Portland, House chairman of the Legislature's Health and Human Services Committee, said, "This clinic provides critical dental care to a highly vulnerable population and we cannot just ignore it.
"If we can't find another option to provide the care," he said, "we may have to find a way to keep it open."
The clinic opened in 1996 as an arm of the Augusta Mental Health Institute to serve patients who moved out of the institution and former residents of the Pineland Center in New Gloucester, said Dr. Mary Dowd, the clinic's part-time director.
When AMHI closed in 2004 and was replaced by the Riverview Psychiatric Center in Augusta, the dental clinic became an arm of the new facility.
The clinic's patients come from places like Farmington, Augusta, Topsham and Sanford -- 25 to 30 people a day -- seeking dental care delivered with large doses of compassion and understanding.
The clients have various special needs, including behavioral, cognitive and physical disabilities. Some are confined to wheelchairs. Others cannot speak. More than 500 require intravenous sedation to be able to sit still in the dentist's chair.
"This is a challenging population to work with," said Sherri Stanton, a dental assistant at the clinic. "A majority of our patients aren't going to be able to get dental care anywhere else."
The clinic also fills a coverage gap for many patients, said Timothy Towle, who has been the clinic's full-time dentist for nearly 20 years.
All of the patients receive MaineCare. The program doesn't cover routine dentistry such as cleanings and fillings, but the clinic can bill MaineCare because it's considered part of a hospital.
MaineCare does cover emergency dentistry, which addresses pain or infection, but many dentists won't accept MaineCare patients because the program reimburses dental care so poorly, Towle said.
"This is an important part of dentistry for an underserved and vulnerable population," he said. "I'm proud of my work here, but I'm not sure what to do now."
To develop Riverview's budget for the next two fiscal years, the LePage administration focused on the center's core services and trimmed anything considered extra, said DHHS spokesman John Martins.
"It was determined that the operation of a dental clinic was not closely aligned with the mission of a state psychiatric hospital," Martins said in a written statement. "This is one of the difficult but necessary decisions that have been made in order to maintain priority services."
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