Wednesday, April 23, 2014
Jutta Graf of Portland prefers buying meat from her neighborhood butcher, Jarrod Spangler at Rosemont Market, rather than at a large grocery store.
Butcher Jarrod Spangler grinds a batch of ground beef in the walk-in cooler at Rosemont Market’s Brighton Avenue store in Portland recently. Spangler, who trained in Italy, hand-butchers locally raised, mostly organic, pasture-raised animals. Buying local attracts customers who want to know where their food is coming from, how safely and humanely it was prepared, and what the environmental impact of getting their food to market entails.
Photos by John Ewing/Staff Photographer
At the meat counter, Jarrod Spangler chats with Rosemont Market customers recently. “Those are the kinds of interactions I think customers appreciate more than just going to the supermarket and looking at a Styrofoam tray wrapped in plastic wrap,” the butcher said.
Butchers, consumers 'Meat Up' to create sense of community
Farmers' Gate Market has started new micro-local buying clubs throughout Portland and midcoast Maine where neighbors or co-workers can gather to sample meats and buy right on the spot.
They're called Meat Ups.
At a Meat Up, there's no meat counter acting as a barrier to conversation. One host turns the event into a party; at another, Farmers' Gate co-owner Ben Slayton just hangs out in the driveway as people pick up their meat, and answers any questions they may have. Farmers' Gate will show up at your door once a year at the holidays, or six to eight times a year.
The groups started as a way to access new markets for Farmers' Gate meats. The first Meat Up, in Yarmouth, came about when Slayton was taking packages of meat to his mother-in-law, and she began asking for extras for her neighbors and friends.
"We were thinking, well, this is just a way to get meat to people we wouldn't otherwise sell to," Slayton said. "And when we showed up that day, people showed up with little red wagons and wheelbarrows.
"We started to see that there's something else going on here," he said. "In addition to just getting them product, we're also creating a bit of a food community and changing the way people get their meat. Instead of going to the grocery store, where you don't talk to anyone and you just kind of read packaging, we're giving people the opportunity to talk to each other about recipes and talk to the butchers and farmers about farming practices and where different cuts of meat come from."
- Meredith Goad
There are lots of reasons. Graf likes the way Spangler cuts meat and that he renders his own lard. She and her husband enjoy trying the different sausages Spangler makes right in the store, and were recently delighted to find an air-cured beef known as bresaola that they had eaten in Italy.
And Graf also doesn't like the idea of putting meat from a factory farm into her body.
A growing number of consumers like Graf are buying their meat from neighborhood butchers who work with locally raised animals, rejecting the idea of pre-cut, pre-packaged meats shipped from large, anonymous farms hundreds or thousands of miles away.
The Hannaford ground beef recall, and federal investigators' failure to find the source of the salmonella contamination, has prompted some local butchers to change their meat grinding practices and encouraged a "buy local" attitude among shoppers like Graf.
Graf said she likes Hannaford, but the salmonella contamination and recall didn't really surprise her.
"They could not identify it because when you have scraps they make the hamburger meat out of it, and so they didn't really know where all the meat had come from," she said. "Whereas if you have a small butcher like this, they know exactly where everything is coming from, and God forbid there would ever be anything, it could be identified immediately."
Buying local doesn't guarantee that the meat is free from harmful microbes that can make you desperately ill. Safe food handling practices are still necessary.
But local butchers say they are more accountable to their customers, and if there were an outbreak, it would be easier to trace.
"When you come into our shop, we can tell you exactly where each piece of meat comes from," said Ben Slayton, one of the owners of Farmers' Gate Market, a butcher shop in Wales that sells meat from a network of about 20 pasture-based Maine farms. He slaughters his own poultry and processes red meat at nearby Bisson & Sons in Topsham.
When a cow comes in destined for Farmers' Gate, Bisson & Sons slaughters it, logs it into their books and a state inspector gives the meat a stamp of approval. The animal arrives in quarters at Farmers' Gate, where a voluntary tracking system takes over. A logbook tracks the weight of the meat and the lot number, an internal number that tracks the specific animal.
By the time the meat is broken down and reaches the consumer, the butchers can still trace it back to the day the meat was cut and the individual farm that produced it, but not to the individual animal. But the amount of meat the business processes is so small -- two or three animals every other week -- it wouldn't be tough to at least narrow it down.
Farmers' Gate has always kept detailed grind logs for its sausage, but since the Hannaford recall the owners have decided to start doing the same for ground beef.
"It's easy for us to sit back and say, 'Look at Hannaford, they're getting their beef from who knows where and aggregating it, and no wonder this happened to them,' " Slayton said. "That's the knee-jerk reaction -- but the other response we could have is 'Gee, this stuff can happen to us, and what can we do to try to prevent it?' "
Food safety is not the only thing luring customers back to local butchers. Some customers, for environmental reasons, don't want food that has traveled a long distance, or they want to know the animal was treated well while it was alive and was slaughtered humanely.
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