July 28, 2013

What's Up in August: A month for a little introspection

By BERNIE REIM

This will be a good month to continue to develop a larger cosmic perspective of our home planet. As we become more aware of our place in space and how small the earth really is in the context of our sun and just our own family of planets, we will work more effectively together to preserve and increase our quality of life unto distant future generations instead of just continuing to degrade it as we have been doing in the past.

click image to enlarge

This chart represents the sky as it appears over Maine during August. The stars are shown as they appear at 10:30 p.m. early in the month, at 9:30 p.m. at midmonth and at 8:30 p.m. at month’s end. Saturn is shown in its midmonth position.

Sky chart prepared by George Ayers

On July 19, a very rare event took place that will definitely help us to attain and sustain this much-needed new perspective, if we really stop and think about what this image reveals about our individual and collective lives.

A robotic camera on the Cassini spacecraft took a picture of Saturn and Earth backlit by the sun. Scientifically this image will tell us a lot of interesting things about the dynamic and ever-changing nature of Saturn's extremely thin and dynamic ring system, and its interactions with some of Saturn's moons, but philosophically this image is much more important.

Similar images like this one were only taken twice before in the whole million-year history of humans on Earth.

The first one was on June 6, 1990 by the Voyager 1 mission from nearly 4 billion miles away, which remains the farthest image ever taken of Earth. Only about 5 billion people were living on Earth then, and now we have more than 7 billion. From that distance the whole earth was reduced to one pixel on that iconic Voyager image, which inspired Carl Sagan's book, "Pale Blue Dot."

I will quote a few words from his book to help us get a better sense of the real meaning of this image and why it was so important to recently take a similar image to remind us of what we should have learned and put into practice 23 years ago: "Every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there on a mote of dust, suspended in a sunbeam. The earth is a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena. Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our obscurity -- in all this vastness -- there is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves. It is up to us. It's been said that astronomy is a humbling, and I might add, character-building experience. To my mind there is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our tiny world. To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly and compassionately with one another and to preserve and cherish that pale blue dot, the only home we've ever known."

The second such image was taken Sept. 15, 2006 with the robotic camera on the Cassini mission, from about 1 billion miles away, similar to the one just taken. It also showed the earth as just one pixel, but this time a very dramatic, glowing Saturn in all of its glory, brilliantly backlit by the sun, with its dynamic rings nearly dancing off the image, dominated the scene.

The current image is similar to the last one, but it will give us more scientific knowledge and we knew ahead exactly when it would be taken, which allowed people on earth to participate. It was taken in the late afternoon when Saturn had not yet risen for us in the east. I knew that our part of the country and part of the Atlantic Ocean would be in the sunlight from the view of this robotic camera when the image was taken. From that great distance there is no sign of any human life on Earth. It is very humbling, but also inspiring at the same time because it starts to show us how much more there is beyond the Earth and how we are related to the other planets in our solar system and the nearly 1,000 planets we have already discovered in other solar systems in just the past 18 years.

(Continued on page 2)

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