PORTLAND — A $338 million settlement fund for victims of a fiery train derailment that claimed 47 lives in Canada is poised for final approval, but payments could be held up by a legal challenge from one of that country’s largest railways.

Canadian Pacific, which opposes the settlement fund, declined to contribute because it contends others were responsible for the tragedy.

If the settlement is approved, Canadian Pacific would be left open to lawsuits while those the railroad considers to be responsible would be shielded from further legal battles by the agreement.

“The bottom line is this: We will not contribute to this fund because it frees those parties responsible for the derailment from future liability and legal action, and we continue to contend that we were not among the parties responsible,” said Martin Cej, a CP spokesman in Calgary.

But Robert Keach, bankruptcy trustee in Maine, said the railroad is engaging in a “cynical” ploy to delay payments to victims to further its own negotiating position in settlement talks.

“Their howls of innocence ring a little hollow,” said Keach, trustee in the bankruptcy of the nowdefunct Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railways, whose unattended train began rolling downhill and ultimately derailed after the train’s operator failed to set enough brakes.

“If they really thought that they were completely innocent and that they had no liability, then they would let the distribution proceed and they would defend themselves in court,” he said .

Much of downtown Lac Megantic, Quebec, was destroyed when the runaway train with 72 oil tankers derailed on July 6, 2013. The inferno destroyed about 40 buildings, including a busy bar where many of the victims perished.

The settlement fund, worth $446 million in Canadian dollars, was the product of lengthy negotiations with about two dozen companies with potential liability. Wrongful death lawsuits are currently on hold.

Canadian court officials and Lac Megantic victims already approved the settlement, leaving final confirmation of the plan by a judge Thursday in a U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Portland.

A Canadian judge already rejected Canadian Pacific’s first attempt to stop the settlement, and the company’s request to appeal the decision will be heard next month in a Canadian courtroom. Payments could be delayed for months if CP prevails.

The oil shipment originated with Canadian Pacific, which transported the crude to Quebec before the train moved onto rail lines owned and operated by Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railways.

Canadian Pacific contends it bears no responsibility because the train that derailed wasn’t operated by CP, wasn’t using CP crew or locomotives, and wasn’t operating on CP tracks.

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