ALBANY, N.Y. — Child advocates in New York are attempting to overturn a law that allows children as young as 14 years old to wed because they say it can trap minors in sexual abuse and domestic violence.

Democratic Assemblywoman Amy Paulin on Tuesday introduced a bill to raise the minimum age for marriage to 17. New York is one of three states that allow 14-year-olds to marry with parental and judicial consent.

Paulin called the law an appalling loophole for adults to sexually abuse children and avoid statutory rape charges.

“I can’t even begin to imagine the physical, psychological and emotional traumas these children have suffered,” she said. “We must safeguard the health, safety and welfare of our children, who are the future of our society.”

According to data from the Tahirih Justice Center, North Carolina and Alaska also allow 14-year-olds to marry with parental and judicial consent. Twenty-seven states have no minimum age, meaning children of any age could marry with court approval.

Paulin said children have no escape from forced marriages because minors have limited access to legal services and domestic violence shelters. Paulin’s proposal would prohibit marriage of children under 17, and children age 17 to 18 would require court approval.

Fraidy Reiss, founder and executive director of Unchained at Last, a nonprofit to end forced marriage, said religion, economic status and tradition motivate thousands of forced child marriages a year.

Health department data shows that between 2000 and 2010, 3,853 minors were married in New York. Eighty-four percent were minor girls married to adult men.

“The impacts of child marriage on a girl’s life are devastating and long-lasting, undermining her health, education and economic opportunities and increasing her risk of experiencing violence,” Reiss said.