WATERVILLE — Former U.S. Rep. Bruce Poliquin called ranked-choice voting a “complete scam” puppeteered by out-of-state influences, speaking Tuesday evening in front of a Colby College audience.

He shared his perspective on the process at a talk sponsored by Colby Republicans, a student organization.

Former U.S. Rep. Bruce Poliquin, left, answers a question about ranked-choice voting Tuesday from Colby College senior Lily Herrmann as she holds her hand to her mouth at the Page Commons Room at the college’s Cotter Union in Waterville. Morning Sentinel photo by Michael G. Seamans

“It’s no longer the best candidate; it’s how you game the system,” he said.

Specifically, Poliquin said that the ranked-choice voting method gave the people who voted for the candidates with the fewest votes “a second bite of the apple.”

“You have more of a decision who gets seated in Congress even though you voted for people who are least representative of the district,” he said.

Poliquin, a Republican, was defeated by Democratic Rep. Jared Golden in November’s midterm elections, the first race in the nation that used ranked-choice voting to decide the victor in a congressional race. In the first tally, Poliquin received 131,631 votes and Golden received 128,999. When no candidate had secured a majority of votes, 23,013 votes for the independent candidates were redistributed and Golden was handed the win by a 2,905-vote margin. Poliquin, who had held Maine’s 2nd District seat since 2014, challenged the outcome in the U.S. District Court, claiming the process was unconstitutional and requesting a runoff election against Golden. His argument, which was grounded in the idea that the nation’s Constitution requires the congressional candidate with the greatest number of votes to be declared the winner, was rejected by U.S. District Court Judge Lance Walker. Poliquin ceded the race on Christmas Eve.


“In any other state in the country, I won — it’s over,” he said.

Poliquin stated that he would have preferred a runoff election, in which the top two candidates are known to voters before they cast their ballots. At another point, though, he acknowledged that independent candidates Tiffany Bond and Will Hoar “made it very clear publicly” before the Nov. 6 election that they “knew they weren’t going to win.” In Maine, ranked-choice voting governs state primaries and federal races.

Former congressman Bruce Poliquin, listens to a question on the merits of ranked-choice voting during a public discussion in the Page Commons Room at Colby College’s Cotter Union in Waterville on Tuesday. Morning Sentinel photo by Michael G. Seamans

On Tuesday at Colby, Poliquin told a crowd of roughly 30 students and community members that John Arnold, a Texas billionaire, “funded a lot of initiatives, paid people to collect the signatures (to get ranked-choice voting on the ballot) and put the ads on.” He emphasized that in 2016, when Maine voters approved ranked-choice voting, 26 percent of registered voters cast ballots on the referendum. The Committee for Ranked Choice Voting in Maine, which currently has 40 Republican endorsements on its website, lobbied for ranked-choice voting since at least 2015.

“It was not introduced to get the best candidate,” Poliquin said. “It was introduced by liberal activists, Democratic activists, to make sure they win elections here in the state of Maine.”

Colby senior Carolyn Jones, a Democrat, told Poliquin she thought he was “being disrespectful about something that Maine voters voted on.”

Though he said he did not have specific plans to challenge ranked-choice voting in the future, Poliquin said he thinks efforts to reverse the voting method in Maine are not over.


“It’s not for me to change,” he said. “I do think there’s so many people who are so upset … that I think there’s going to be an effort to collect signatures and get it on the ballot to repeal it.”



At Tuesday’s event, Poliquin addressed the issue of college students voting in local elections.

“The United States Supreme Court has ruled that a Colby student or Bates student or Bowdoin student can use your dorm as your legal address, so that’s not for me — that’s not the legislative branch. The courts decide that,” he said. “Here’s the additional comment I’m going to make: Maine law says … if you want to claim the dorm or any other place as your residence so you can vote, within 30 days you need to change your driver’s license to a Maine driver’s license. That means you have to pay excise tax. … So I’m all for obeying the law and what the Supreme Court says. I’m also all about obeying the laws of the state of Maine, which means you have to change your driver’s license within 30 days, or you’re violating the law.”

No requirement of a Maine driver’s license is listed in the state laws for voter registration, though individuals with out-of-state driver’s licenses are required to get a new Maine license and register their motor vehicle in Maine within 30 days of becoming a resident. Voter legislation requires a person to have established an address in a Maine municipality as a “fixed and principal home to which the person, whenever temporarily absent, intends to return.” To determine whether a person meets these criteria, a registrar of voters can use documents that include a Maine driver’s license but also include a Maine motor vehicle registration, current income tax return, mail sent to a residential address, hunting or fishing licenses or  “any other objective facts tending to indicate a person’s place of residence.” It states that “the registrar need not find all of these factors to be present in order to conclude that an applicant qualifies to register to vote in the municipality.” The state law does specify that post office boxes cannot be used as proof of residency.


To obtain a Maine driver’s license, a person must pay for an examination and for license fees, which range from $21 to $34, depending on the category. Drivers looking to convert a license from out of state pay an additional application fee. Excise taxes are collected on motor vehicle registrations, not driver’s licenses.

Several members of the Colby Republicans said they did not think students should vote in local elections.

Former U.S. Rep. Bruce Poliquin speaks to students Tuesday during a public discussion on ranked-choice voting in the Page Commons Room at Colby College’s Cotter Union in Waterville. Morning Sentinel photo by Michael G. Seamans

“Most of us are gone for the summer,” said Jonathan Taylor, a sophomore from San Francisco who is a member of Colby Republicans and has a Maine driver’s license. “Constitutionally, we’re allowed to vote; but generally speaking, I think it’s incredibly sanctimonious for (students to vote in local elections). … I don’t think they should.”

When Taylor expressed that view to Poliquin at the talk — not using the word “sanctimonious” — the former congressman said, “I would agree with that.”

Former U.S. Rep. Bruce Poliquin, right, answers a question about ranked-choice voting Tuesday from Colby College’s Carolyn Jones, left, at the Page Commons Room at the college’s Cotter Union in Waterville. Morning Sentinel photo by Michael G. Seamans

“I think our position as a club is we would like it if students didn’t vote in local elections if it’s not where they live when they’re not in school, because they’re not affected at all by the outcome of the vote,” said Ellie Harlan, a sophomore from Massachusetts who is the secretary of Colby Republicans.

First-year student Ewan Frick, who is from Kansas City and not affiliated with the Republicans, disagreed.


“I think we should be allowed,” he said. “We spend the majority of our time here. We should be able to share in the (politics) of what goes on here.”

Students’ voter registrations became contentious in Waterville’s November election when the disputed votes of several Colby students flipped the result of a ballot measure about banning distribution of plastic bags at large retail stores. In the initial vote, the ban passed. But 75 votes, primarily from Colby students, continue to be disputed because the students had listed a post office box on Mayflower Hill rather than a physical address on their voter registrations.

The Colby dormitory building at 150 Main St., which houses 200 students, is in a ward and legislative district that are different from the ones where the campus is.

“I don’t think it matters if a person lives downtown or not. I don’t think we should vote (in local elections),” said sophomore Ben Pickle, from Arlington, Virginia. “We’re essentially long-term tourists.”


Meg Robbins — 861-9239


Twitter: @megrobbins

Former U.S. Rep. Bruce Poliquin listens to a question on the merits of ranked-choice voting during a public discussion Tuesday in the Page Commons Room at Colby College’s Cotter Union in Waterville. Morning Sentinel photo by Michael G. Seamans

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