The Trump administration hit Iran with more sanctions Friday in the first concrete response to the attacks on U.S. forces in Iraq this week, which were in retaliation for the U.S. airstrike that killed the top Iranian military commander.

The sanctions were widely anticipated, as President Trump had publicly vowed to impose them in response to Iran’s missile attacks on two bases in Iraq that house U.S. military personnel. No Americans or Iraqis were killed, and Trump said in a statement Wednesday that Iran “appears to be standing down.”

Iran’s economy is already burdened by sanctions on more than 1,000 Iranian individuals, companies and organizations that have been imposed since Trump withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran as part of a “maximum pressure” campaign to get Tehran to change its policies.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, announcing the sanctions at the White House said the action would target senior government officials and key sectors and will cut off billions of dollars of funds to the government.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said last month that the U.S. “economic war” of sanctions had deprived Tehran of $100 billion in oil revenue and another $100 billion in investments. By some estimates, Iran’s economy contracted more than 10 percent last year.

But while the economic stranglehold has forced Iran to adopt a “budget of resistance” that has spurred widespread protests and a government crackdown, the pain has mostly been felt by ordinary Iranians instead of government officials.

The Trump administration believes the sanctions will push the Iranian government to re-negotiate the nuclear deal, curtail its missile development program, and stop its sponsorship of militias in neighboring countries.

“We want Iran to behave like a normal nation,” said Secretary of State Mike Pompeo who joined Mnuchin at the White House.

But foreign diplomats and Iran analysts say that Tehran shows little sign it is willing to buckle to U.S. pressure.

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