Most nights, Ruth Papazian stays up until 1 a.m., refreshing her browser in hopes of locking down what has become one of the hottest commodities of the coronavirus recession: a grocery delivery slot.

Four weeks in, she has yet to snag a single window on any of the four delivery platforms that serve her neighborhood in New York’s East Bronx, where she lives with her 85-year-old mother.

“I’ve been refreshing the page like a maniac, like I’m trying to get tickets to a really hot concert – and no matter what, it doesn’t work,” the 62-year-old said. “I don’t know why I bother anymore.”

Grocery delivery, with its one-click ordering and “contact less” drop-offs, was supposed to be the ultimate pandemic convenience. It promised to keep people at home and out of crowded stores, facilitating the social distancing needed to slow the spread of the coronavirus. Services like Instacart and Shipt were pitched as literal lifelines that could ferry food and other necessities to millions of homebound Americans.

But the system is cracking under the weight of surging demand, and an incommensurate supply of workers and groceries. Shoppers throughout the country are reporting weekslong waits on platforms like Instacart, Shipt, Peapod and Amazon’s Prime Now, fueling ongoing frustrations and questions about how, or when, the outlook might improve. Delivery workers say they are under growing pressure, too, with many going on strike in recent weeks to protest the lack of protective gear and demand higher pay.

Analysts say the delivery hiccups will likely be long term, even as companies hire and train tens of thousands of new workers. There are some signs, though, that wait times are easing in some parts of the country.

“Everyone is running behind – regional grocers, Amazon, Walmart,” said Bill Bishop, chief executive of retail consulting firm Brick Meets Click. “But the rush is subsiding, and consumers are starting to manage their expectations. They’ve realized they can’t just go online and get their groceries delivered in an hour or two anymore, so they’re starting to plan ahead.”

The coronavirus has brought much of the country to a halt. Millions are sheltering at home at the urging of public officials, limiting their trips outside, including to supermarkets and pharmacies. That’s led to skyrocketing demand for home deliveries, which made up just 3 percent of overall grocery sales before the pandemic, according to supermarket consultant Phil Lempert.

Instacart, which hires independent contractors to deliver groceries from such national chains as Safeway, Kroger, Giant and Costco, says orders have quadrupled from a year ago, while Shipt, which is owned by Target, is reporting “record-breaking” demand. Both companies have hired tens of thousands of new shoppers in recent weeks and say they expect those numbers to grow. Amazon, meanwhile, says it is experiencing such “unprecedented” demand that it is waitlisting new customers for its Amazon Fresh and Whole Foods Market delivery services. (Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon, owns The Washington Post.)

“The customer demand we expected over the next two-to-four years has happened on the Instacart platform in the last two-to-four weeks,” company founder Apoorva Mehta said last week. The service has introduced more flexible delivery options, and is allowing customers to place orders two weeks ahead instead of one.

At the same time, delivery workers are dealing with a host of new challenges. Supermarkets are cutting their hours and limiting the number of people who can shop at one time. Stores also are running low on such necessities as toilet paper and eggs, leaving delivery workers scrambling to find suitable replacements, which can involve multiple phone calls and text messages to clients.

Grocery delivery workers say such changes have doubled the time it takes to fulfill each order. Even the shortest shopping lists, they say, can easily take more than an hour to complete after factoring in extra time to wait in line and search for replacements for sold-out items.

“Business has been blowing up,” said Heidi Carrico, 55, who recently started her own grocery shopping business in Portland, Oregon, after three years of delivering for Instacart. “There is so much stress and anxiety, and stores out of everything – we’re constantly having to find replacements, which makes (shopping) take so much longer.”

Dumpling, an online platform that helps delivery workers like Carrico operate their own small businesses, has a seen a 15-fold increase in demand from a month ago, according to spokeswoman Olivia O’Donnell. The company plans to double its roster of 1,000 personal shoppers by the end of April.

Carrico is delivering as many as seven orders a day, and has stopped taking new clients after business surged. She is starting to make other adjustments, too, such as asking customers to tip at least 20 percent and limiting orders to four stores where she feels safe: Fred Meyer, Trader Joe’s, Whole Foods and a local grocer, New Seasons Market.

Back in the Bronx, Papazian said she had formed a plan when President Trump declared a national emergency in mid-March: She’d keep ordering groceries the way she always had, relying on a rotation of Instacart, Shipt, Peapod and Fresh Direct to keep her fridge and pantry stocked with cheese danishes from Costco, cleaning supplies from Target, and rice and V8 from Stop & Shop. She booked two deliveries right away, for March 13 and March 15, but hasn’t had any luck since.

Instead, she ventures out every 10 days to pick up her mother’s medications and buy food. Many supermarkets, she says, are running low on staples, so she hits four or five neighborhood shops to patch together basics like milk, bread and eggs.

“I feel like I’m in some post-apocalyptic dystopia where I’m constantly foraging for food,” said Papazian, a health writer who recently ended a bid for Congress.

When she gets home, she refreshes her browser again, hoping maybe this time, she’ll get lucky.

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