Joe Engel died last week.

Joe Engel at Auschwitz in 2005. He was sent there in 1942 at the age of 14, escaped a death train at 17 and did covert work as a freedom fighter until liberation in 1945. Engel made his way to Charleston, S.C., where he had family, in 1949. He died there Nov. 26 at the age of 95. Photo by Leonard Pitts

It’s unlikely you will know the name, especially if you don’t live in Charleston, South Carolina, his hometown since 1949. Joe never wrote a great novel or made a scientific breakthrough. His accomplishment was less gaudy, yet no less significant.

Joe lived to tell.

I met him in 2005 – the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II – on an assignment to write about an interfaith pilgrimage to Holocaust sites in Poland. We visited murder factories whose names still bespeak the immensity of evil: Treblinka, Belzec, Majdanek.

And Auschwitz, where Joe was sent in 1942 at the age of 14. A little over a million people died there, but somehow he did not. “Every morning,” he said, “you could see hundreds of skeletons. Not human beings, just skeletons. Bones. The only thing you saw was bones and a big nose. We used to pick ’em up and they used to take ’em to the gas chambers.”

One time, I asked him a question – don’t remember what it was — that probed a memory too painful to revisit and his lively eyes turned soft and sad. “It’s no picnic talking about it, you know,” he said in gentle admonishment.


I apologized. “It’s all right,” he assured me. “I don’t mind. I want the people to know, especially the young people, to prevent another Holocaust.”

There are, according to a nonprofit reparations group called the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany, just 280,000 survivors left worldwide, a tiny handful of aging men and women, fragile lives winking out like fireflies under a summer twilight. Soon, there will be no one left to say, on firsthand witness, This is what happened, this is what it was like.

It was a duty Joe took seriously. He spoke in schools, led at least five pilgrimages of return and was known to sit on a bench in Charleston with a sign around his neck – “Holocaust Survivor” – waiting for someone to ask. One night at a restaurant in Poland, he lifted a glass and said, in his immigrant’s English, “Don’t you ever forget me, so long as you gon’ live. You tell this story for us, because we not here to tell this story.” He was looking dead at me when he said it. It gave me chills.

And it fuels frustration with an era when so many seem hellbent on forgetting, on spurning the lessons for which Joe and so many more paid so dearly. The Nazis systematically murdered 11 million people – 6 million of them Jews; the rest gay men and lesbians, communists, labor unionists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the disabled – for the “crime” of worshiping, thinking or being, different. That’s a September 11 attack every day for 10 years.

And for what?

As Joe said, “We survivors thought, ‘After the war, there’s no more wars. That’s the end of everything.’ But you can see now what’s going on. People still killing people and everything. Things didn’t change.”


We were at Auschwitz when he said that. I recall feeling that we – the generations after his – had let his generation down. The feeling has only intensified in the years since, as Jewish cemeteries are vandalized, as synagogues are attacked, as a pop star spews anti-Semitic bile, as migrants are caged and their children taken, as a church in Joe’s hometown endures a racial massacre, as hate crimes rise, as states restrict the remembrance of atrocities and as some of us pretend all of this isn’t what it is.

Joe’s frustration at what did not change stays with me. As does his belief in the importance of telling the story anyhow. But above all, I can’t escape a conviction that we owed him – we owed all of them – much better than this.

And that we still do.

Leonard Pitts Jr. is a columnist for The Miami Herald. He may be contacted at:

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