In recent years, there has been growing recognition of the importance of paid family medical leave in supporting employees during critical life events, such as the birth of a child, a serious illness or the need to care for a family member. While the benefits of PFML are clear for employees and their families, the implementation of such policies presents significant challenges for small businesses, particularly in states like Maine, where the manufacturing ecosystem is heavily reliant on small enterprises.

Maine’s manufacturing economy is unique in that small businesses, defined as those with fewer than 20 employees, make up almost 92% of the total, impacting 63% of Maine’s manufacturing workforce. However, the characteristics that make small businesses vital – flexibility, integration with their local community and tight-knit work environments – also make them particularly vulnerable to the challenges of implementing PFML.

One of the most significant challenges for small businesses is the financial burden associated with the implementation of PFML.

Unlike larger corporations, small businesses often operate on tight margins and lack the financial strength to absorb the cost of paid leave, and even if they have figured out how to fund a private paid leave plan, the added staff required to fill in for lost capacity can be a backbreaker. For a small-business owner, the choice might be between maintaining profitability and providing these benefits to employees – a dilemma with no easy solution.

Setting aside the current challenges with filling all the needed roles due to the tight labor market (leaving most companies short of people already), small businesses face operational challenges when employees take extended leave. In larger companies, it is easier to redistribute the workload among other employees or hire temporary replacements.

However, small businesses often have fewer employees with specialized roles, making it difficult to cover the responsibilities of an absent worker. The loss of even one employee can disrupt manufacturing operations, reduce productivity and impact customer service. This is even more true in industries like hospitality, retail and health care, which are prominent in Maine and rely heavily on consistent staffing levels to function effectively.


Moreover, the administrative burden of managing PFML can be overwhelming for small-business owners. Larger companies typically have dedicated human resource departments to manage the complexities of leave policies, compliance with state and federal regulations, and the paperwork involved. In contrast, small-business owners often juggle multiple roles and may lack the expertise or time to navigate the intricate requirements of PFML programs. Ensuring compliance with these programs can be particularly challenging when businesses must figure out how to navigate the wide variety of qualifying leave requests, while adhering to both state and federal laws, which have differing provisions and requirements.

As currently contemplated, companies that already have paid leave programs – which will presumably end up being approved as private plans, thereby allowing the company to opt out of the state plan – will still be required to begin withholding and making premium payments even before the applications for approval are reviewed. This duplicative payment – for services that will never be drawn upon by the company’s employees – places yet another economic burden on these companies that are struggling every day to simply survive.

To address these challenges, policymakers in Maine must consider tailoring the final rules being drafted to support our small businesses while ensuring that employees have access to PFML. Simplifying the administrative requirements and providing resources to help small-business owners navigate the complexities of PFML can alleviate some of the operational challenges.

The Department of Labor needs to lean heavily on the lessons learned by the other states that have already gone down this path, resist the temptation to broaden the applicability of the leave to an even wider definition of affinity relationships, and defer the payment of premiums for companies that file for an exemption based upon a qualifying private plan.

While the implementation of paid family medical leave is essential for the well-being of employees and their families, it presents significant challenges for manufacturing (and other small) businesses in Maine. These challenges require a balanced approach that considers the unique needs of our ecosystem and provides Maine’s entrepreneurs with the support and resources necessary to implement PFML without jeopardizing their financial stability and operational efficiency. By doing so, Maine can create a more equitable and supportive work environment for all its residents, ensuring that both employees and small businesses thrive.

Join the Conversation

Please sign into your Press Herald account to participate in conversations below. If you do not have an account, you can register or subscribe. Questions? Please see our FAQs.

filed under: