PARIS — There will be a Grand Slam semifinal without Roger Federer for the first time in six years.

French Open upset specialist Robin Soderling struck again today, rallying past defending champion Federer in a rainy quarterfinal, 3-6, 6-3, 7-5, 6-4. That ended Federer’s record streak of reaching the semifinals in 23 consecutive major events.

The shocker was the second pulled off by Soderling in as many years at Roland Garros. He ended the reign of four-time champion Rafael Nadal in the fourth round a year ago, clearing the path for Federer to win his first French Open title and complete a career Grand Slam.

Federer beat Soderling in last year’s final. Before today, Federer was 12-0 against the big-swinging Swede, winning 28 of their 30 sets.

But Soderling’s recent improvement was evident as he controlled rallies from the baseline with his thunderous strokes. Federer found himself on the defensive and unable to move forward.

Seeded fifth, Soderling saved a set point in the third when he won a frantic rally, then won the set to take the lead for good shortly after a rain delay of 75 minutes.

“It cannot be much better,” Soderling told the crowd after his latest center-court stunner. “It’s great to play on this court. It’s for sure my favorite Grand Slam.”

Soderling’s the only player other than Nadal to beat Federer at Roland Garros since 2004. The Swede’s opponent Friday will be No. 15 seed Tomas Berdych, who beat No. 11 Mikhail Youzhny 6-3, 6-1, 6-2. Berdych has yet to drop a set in five rounds.

The semifinal round Friday without Federer will be the first at a Grand Slam tournament since he lost in the third round of the 2004 French Open .

Because of Federer’s defeat, Nadal will reclaim the No. 1 ranking next week if he wins the title. The upset raises the possibility of a Nadal-Soderling rematch in the final.

It was a cold, damp afternoon, with occasional rain that had some spectators watching from under umbrellas, but the conditions didn’t seem to rob Soderling’s shots of any sting. He hit winners past Federer even standing two strides behind the baseline.

“The balls got heavy, but I’ve played good matches in these kind of conditions in the past,” Soderling said. “It suits my game.”

The upset was all the more surprising because Federer was in control early. He won 22 of his first 24 service points and led 30-love in his first service game of the second set when he suddenly faltered, losing four points in a row.

A backhand wide by Federer gave Soderling his first break, and he held serve the entire set to even the match. It was the first set Federer had dropped in the tournament.

“He had some chances in the second set,” Soderling said. “When I won the second set, which was very big for me, I really felt I could relax a little bit. After that I started to play better and better.”

Soderling made a narrow escape to extend the third set serving at 4-5. Trailing love-30, he hit a forehand that was called wide, but the umpire climbed off his chair, checked the mark and ruled the shot a winner. Instead of love-40 and triple set point for Federer, the score was 15-30.

Then, at 30-40, Soderling erased the set point in a wild exchange. He charged forward and hit a slam that Federer scrambled to chase down near the backstop, stretching to whip it back, and Soderling leaped to put away an over-the-shoulder backhand volley.

The crowd roared with delight. Federer looked very unhappy.

Soderling then whacked back-to-back service winners of 139 and 138 mph to hold for 5-all. It was the second consecutive service game he won after trailing love-30.

Rain prompted a delay in the middle of the next game. At that juncture, Federer led by one point after 167 had been played.

The match resumed on a drab evening in a half-empty stadium, and the remaining fans were firmly in Federer’s corner.

But he promptly lost his serve, double-faulting before Soderling whacked a forehand winner for the break. When Soderling hit an ace to seal the set, Federer waved his arms as though helpless.

In the final set, Federer broke for a 2-love lead but immediately lost serve. He saved three break points and held for 4-3, but there was no escape two games later, when he committed four unforced errors and was broken.

Match point came five points later, and Soderling hit a second serve that Federer couldn’t put in play. The Swede walked to the net with his fist up, then pumped it to punctuate the breakthrough against his nemesis — and everyone else’s nemesis.

“This is a big win, but it’s not the final,” he said. “I don’t want to celebrate too much. I want to focus on the next game.”

Soderling improved to 5-18 against players ranked in the top three. His only other major semifinal berth was at Roland Garros a year ago.

Francesca Schiavone became the first Italian woman to reach the French Open semifinals since 1954, then collapsed face-down on center court and kissed the clay.

Schiavone upset No. 3 seed Caroline Wozniacki 6-2, 6-3. Seeded 17th, Schiavone is the first Italian woman to reach the semifinals at any Grand Slam tournament in the Open era, which began in 1968.

“I’ll tell you the truth: I can’t grasp the historical nature of what I did,” Schiavone said. “But the importance of this victory, in itself? Yes. … I’m enjoying it so much. When you work a lot, hard every morning, every afternoon of your life, and arrive at a good result, I think you feel much more.”

Schiavone’s opponent Thursday will be No. 5-seeded Elena Dementieva, who rallied past fellow Russian Nadia Petrova, 2-6, 6-2, 6-0. The showing is Dementieva’s best at Roland Garros since 2004, when she was runner-up.

The 29-year-old Schiavone had been 0-3 in major quarterfinals and hadn’t reached the final eight at Roland Garros since 2001. This time she made the most of her chance.

After Schiavone slammed an overhead winner on her final shot, she leaped, raised her arms with a scream and lifted her racket over her head in jubilation. Then she kissed the clay.

“It was a thank you,” Schiavone said. “I was quite willing to eat some clay.”

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