SACO - Residents of Mary Avenue have been watching a vacant house deteriorate for the past four years. Thieves have stolen a roof vent, causing water to leak into the house and create mold. Vandals have spray-painted graffiti on the windows, knocked over cans of paint, destroyed a back deck and removed the metal railing at the front entrance.
“This is taking down the neighborhood,” said Earl Jamieson, 74, who is trying to sell his house next door. He said the previous residents bought the house at the top of the real estate market and later abandoned it. The bank now owns the house, but has yet to put it on the market. And so it languishes.
While the Great Recession may have officially ended in June 2009, its legacy remains visible in the form of deteriorating housing stock. Maine homeowners who are “upside down” in their mortgages — meaning they owe more than the house is worth because the property value has declined — are reluctant to spend money to maintain their homes, and it’s much harder to get home-equity loans for upgrades, according to real estate and construction professionals.
In some cases, people have abandoned their homes, or banks have taken possession through foreclosure. Empty homes lower neighborhood property values and become targets for thieves and vandals.
The tragic fire in Orrington last weekend, in which a father and three children were killed after cardboard boxes placed too close to a wood stove ignited, highlights the substandard quality of housing on the market. The family was in the process of buying a house that had been vacant for nearly a year, and its hot-water furnace was inoperable because heating pipes had frozen while the house sat empty last winter.
The government doesn’t keep statistics on how many empty houses there are in Maine or how much money people spend on home repair. While foreclosure activity in the state is trending downward, the issue is not going away anytime soon.
In October alone, 131 properties in Maine had received a foreclosure filing and been repossessed by the bank, according to RealtyTrac, a national real estate information company. The number of new foreclosures, which was 479 last November, has been holding steady at an average of 114 a month for the past nine months.
The statistics, however, don’t count “shadow” inventory, the number of bank-owned homes that are not yet on the market, as well as the homes with delinquent mortgages, but on which the foreclosure process has not been completed.
In Maine, it takes a bank an average of 570 days to complete the legal work to foreclose on a house, according to a study by the Federal National Mortgage Association. That’s why people see vacant homes in their neighborhoods with no “for sale” signs on them, said Peter Judkins, chairman of the Maine Bankers Association.
Many national lenders now prefer to sell the homes before they complete the foreclosure process. This is called a “short sale,” meaning the house is sold for a price that is lower than the principal owed on the loan.
Short sales allow families to leave their house with dignity and without debt, said Martin Macisso, an agent with the Regency Realty Group in South Portland.
“When one family is able to make this transition successfully, that’s one less vacant and abandoned home to pull down values for the surrounding community,” he said.
The new owners, however, often find the house needs a lot of work because the previous cash-strapped owners had neither the cash nor the incentive to maintain it, said William Fogel, a Portland attorney whose practice includes bankruptcy law.
When people owe more money to the bank than their house is worth, their behavior changes, he said. They no longer act like owners because they no longer view their property as an investment.
“They have no money or savings,” he said. “They live in the house until the house falls apart or they go bankrupt.”
Over time, whole neighborhoods can become blighted, he said.
Carl Chretien, owner of Chretien Construction in Saco, which does remodeling work, said people aren’t keeping up their houses the way they used to. When he drives around town these days, he sees a lot of houses that need painting, and people now wait until their roof is leaking before they replace it.
“The roofs are starting to look pretty shabby and worn,” he said.
Chretien is now working in Saco on a roof covered with asphalt shingles that are so old he can see the plywood underneath.
Statistics kept by the Maine Department of Labor tell the same story. The number of residential painters employed by contractors fell from 739 in 2007 to 549 in 2011, a decline of 26 percent. The number of electricians, finish carpenters, plumbers, roofers and tile contractors similarly declined.
Still, some people see opportunity in this market. Jeff Quirk of Scarborough is buying foreclosed homes at auction, repairing them himself and reselling, or “flipping,” them. He is now finishing work on a house in Scarborough that he bought after it had been vacant. He recoated all the walls, put down a new kitchen floor and installed a new hot-water furnace to replace the one that was damaged while the house sat empty.
When families experience a financial crisis, houses can fall into disrepair quickly, he said.
“When people are upside down on their mortgage, that’s not the only part of their life that is upside down.”
Staff Writer Tom Bell can be contacted at 791-6369 or at: