Two firefighters watch for spot fires Friday near Calistoga, Calif. Firefighters gained some ground on a blaze burning in the heart of California’s wine country but low humidity and high winds are expected to return. Associated Press/Jae C. Hong

SANTA ROSA, Calif. — The horrific scale of death and destruction is coming into focus, even as wildfires continue to rage throughout Northern California.

Thirty-six confirmed dead, many of them elderly. One victim was 14 years old.

Hundreds still missing on Friday.

Thousands of homes and businesses destroyed, including whole neighborhoods reduced to smoldering rubble.

“We all have suffered a trauma here, and we’re going to be a long time in recovering from this incident,” Santa Rosa Mayor Chris Coursey told reporters.

As authorities continue assessing the damage from the most devastating spate of wildfires to strike the state in modern history, the blazes are still burning – with winds expected to return Friday night, breathing dangerous new life into the deadly arc of flames.

Firefighters have made some gains with several fires that are no longer expected to grow. But as of Friday morning, 17 fires, including the deadliest in Sonoma, Napa and Mendocino counties, were still uncontained, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

The agency said that some 220,000 acres have been scorched across the state – a collective area bigger than the city of Dallas – as “red flag” conditions spread the fires with frightening speed.

On Friday afternoon, federal officials announced they’re suspending routine immigration enforcement in the areas affected by the fires, except “in the event of a serious criminal presenting a public safety threat.”

Sonoma County, north of San Francisco, sustained the most damage, with 19 people confirmed dead and 256 still reported missing. Nearly 3,000 homes have been destroyed in Santa Rosa, the county seat and gateway to the wine-tourism industry. An estimated 5,700 structures have been destroyed in the conflagration statewide.

Officials say this is now the deadliest week of wildfires in state history. The death toll is certain to rise as authorities – some accompanied by cadaver dogs – continue to explore the wreckage.

Taken together, the disastrous blazes – more than 20 in all since Sunday, including at least six in Sonoma County – have killed more people than any other California wildfire on record.

QUESTIONS ABOUT WARNING

Even as emergency personnel battled the fires in and around wine country, authorities began facing questions about the cause of the most damaging blaze, in Sonoma, and whether they did enough to warn vulnerable residents as the flames edged closer to populated areas.

The scrutiny marks the next phase of a disaster that erupted seemingly out of nowhere Sunday night, prompting panic among residents who had no idea that a fire was bearing down on them and emergency workers who said they were stunned at the speed with which the fire progressed.

A row of chimneys stands Friday in a neighborhood devastated by a wildfire near Santa Rosa, Calif. Associated Press/Jae C. Hong

The National Weather Service provided a morsel of good news, reporting that the gusts that fueled the blazes and made them harder to fight had died down. The respite was expected to be brief, however, as north winds were expected to kick up by Friday night, according to Cal Fire.

Mostly, the news was grim. Sonoma County Sheriff Robert Giordano said deputies had begun the task of searching for the missing and the dead, with bodies showing up in a variety of conditions.

“We have recovered people where their bodies are intact,” he said, “and we have recovered people where there’s just ash and bone.”

The majority of the victims who have been identified were elderly, except for one: A 14-year-old who was found near his family’s home in Mendocino County. Kai Logan Shepherd was running away from the fire when he was killed, according to the Mendocino County Sheriff’s Office.

Of the 10 Sonoma County victims who have been named so far, two of whom were identified through medical devices or implants, two through dental records, another by a distinctive tattoo, while others were matched with fingerprints or visuals and other investigative means.

Most were from Santa Rosa, and all were older adults, with an average age of 75, the sheriff’s office said. The youngest, Michael John Dornbach, was 57; the oldest, Arthur Tasman Grant, was 95. In neighboring Napa County, an elderly couple who had just celebrated their 75th wedding anniversary were killed on Sunday. Another elderly couple in their 80s were also killed in Mendocino County.

Sonoma County spokesman Scott Alonso said it’s not yet clear why the victims were unable to escape the fire. But, he said: “Folks who are elderly have some mobility challenges and are wheelchair-bound. They may not have access to a car. We had calls right when the fires were going on . . . folks needed rides. They needed rides to get out of those mandatory evacuation zones.”

A hand crew works on hot spots on a hill in the Oakmont area of Santa Rosa, Calif., on Thursday. Associated Press/Jeff Chiu

Of 1,485 missing-person reports in Sonoma County, 1,250 had been found safe by Friday afternoon, said Giordano, the sheriff. The whereabouts of the 235 missing were still unknown, although it is possible that a number of them were found but not yet reported to authorities. Others may be out of touch because of power outages and downed cell towers. In most cases, people were removed from a missing-persons list after authorities received calls from families saying they’ve been found.

SEEKING THE CAUSE

Mike Mohler, Cal Fire battalion chief, said investigators are looking into reports of downed power lines Sunday night to determine whether they caused some of the wildfires.

The utility PG&E put out repeated warnings to its customers on Sunday as heavy winds battered the region.

“High winds expected. Be alert near fallen trees/branches. Report downed lines to 911,” PG&E tweeted several times. “Always assume that a fallen power line is live.”

PG&E spokeswoman Fiona Chan said in an email that the company is focused on “life safety” and restoring service.

“We aren’t going to speculate about any of the causes of the fires,” she said. “We will support the reviews by any relevant regulator or agency.”

State and county officials faced increasing scrutiny Thursday over how they alerted residents to the fast-moving fires.

In Sonoma County, law enforcement officials said they used a Reverse 911 system to call residents’ landlines to evacuate. The county also sent out alerts through a voluntary text-message system. As of June, however, just 10,500 of the county’s half-million residents had signed up for the alerts.

Alonso, the county spokesman, said officials chose to not send out a countywide alert to cellphones out of fear such a message would incite panic and clog roadways.

“We wanted to target specific neighborhoods that were under fire,” he said. “If an all-county emergency evacuation was issued, the roads would’ve been jammed (and) our emergency responders would’ve had difficulty getting to where they need to go to evacuate people.”

A home in the hills above Sonoma, Calif., has a posted sign Friday alerting people to an available pool for shelter from wildfires Friday. Stories of people who lived through the inferno by standing in backyard swimming pools this week are spreading. Associated Press/Ellen Knickmeyer

Alonso said he does not know when people living in evacuation zones will be allowed back into their homes.

Some, however, were allowed to come home Friday in neighboring Napa County, police said.

FEAR OF BEING NEXT

In untouched parts of Northern California, fear and uncertainty rippled through many communities as people wondered if they would be struck next.

The resort area of Calistoga was a ghost town Thursday after authorities ordered everyone to evacuate and warned that those who stayed put could be subject to arrest.

In Petaluma, about 20 miles south of Santa Rosa, officials on Thursday had not issued any evacuation alerts. But nerves frayed as a smoky haze filled the air from not-so-distant fires, leading some people to wear masks or wrap their faces in bandannas.

The town has become a haven for many of the people who have evacuated from other scorched communities. In the historic downtown, McNear’s Mystic Theatre – a music hall that plays host to folk musicians, metal bands and Michael Jackson tribute shows – had been transformed into a makeshift evacuation center, complete with a children’s play area and buffet.

“There’s a degree of risk for everyone right now until the fires are contained,” said Faith Moody, the theater’s general manager, who said her own home in Santa Rosa was “so far” still standing. “The truth is that all it takes is for the winds to pick up heavily. Things can change so fast.”

Meanwhile, in the blackened Coffey Park subdivision of Santa Rosa on Thursday, people sifted through the ashes of what used to be their homes or stood shocked to discover their houses had somehow survived.

The fire hopped over Highway 101, taking out an Applebee’s, a McDonald’s and an Arby’s. It left a Taco Bell standing, then beelined for the community of wood-framed homes about two miles north of downtown. It has approximately 200 homes, and almost all of them are piles of ash.

The fire burned so severely that it incinerated garages and melted the paint and tires off the cars inside. The charred remnants of one house bled into another, with only addresses painted on curbs to distinguish one plot from another.

Paul DiStanislao, who has lived in the neighborhood for 27 years, stood in his driveway Thursday morning and marveled at the smoking ruin that was once a neighbor’s home.

Like so many here, he fled the neighborhood around 2 a.m. Monday after awaking to find it enveloped in an eerie red glow and a shower of hot embers.

Desperate to know what became of his house, he had found a way into his neighborhood, which had been cordoned off by the authorities. He was stunned to discover that the fire had stopped five houses short of his home.

The flames had somehow lodged someone’s garage door on top of a streetlight. The charred husk of a Harley-Davidson lay in the middle of a street, one of an endless stream of burned-out vehicles.

But a few feet from the fire line, at DiStanislao’s house, even the grass was spared.

“Why am I here?” he asked rhetorically. “Had it jumped the highway a little bit farther, my house would be gone.”