July 16, 2013

In Maine, sudden sting at the gas pump

Summer demand and Egypt unrest push the state's average price well above the national level, and it could jump another 25 to 30 cents.

By J. Craig Anderson canderson@pressherald.com
Staff Writer

(Continued from page 1)

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Tom Vire of Westbrook fuels up Monday at the Atlantic station on Broadway in South Portland. Maine’s average price for regular gas was $3.71 Monday, 7 cents above the national average. A month ago the Maine price was $3.58, 6 cents below the national average.

John Patriquin/Staff Photographer

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Additional Photos Below

GO TO GasBuddy.com to find the lowest gas prices in Maine.

Truman, 18, drives a Dodge Durango that gets 14 mpg. If prices go up any more, he said, he will cut down on driving.

"I won't be driving anywhere, except going to work. It's just too expensive," he said. "I mean, just going to the mall and back is going to cost $10."

In Westbrook, Brenda Broder said that, with higher gas prices, she tends to ride her motorcycle rather than drive her car, weather permitting.

"With my motorcycle, I'm not as concerned about it," the self-employed hairstylist said while straddling her Suzuki Savage motorcycle. "I get about 120 miles out of 2½ gallons."

Joe Curran, a cab driver for 207 Taxi, said higher prices take a bigger cut out of his bottom line, because drivers have to pay for their own gas.

Cab drivers can raise their fares only by petitioning the city, Curran said. And in his eight years of driving, that has happened only once, so the only thing to do is watch a bigger chunk of profits go to gas, offset a bit by the busier summer tourist season.

"It's just a necessary evil," said Craig Cobbett, the mechanic for 207 Taxi. "You can't really combat the prices."

Cobbett does try to reduce costs for the drivers. He said regular maintenance like keeping the oil changed and the right amount of pressure in the tires can get extra miles out of each gallon.

The taxis get about 16 miles to the gallon, and a driver usually pays up to $40 for gas per 12-hour shift, Curran said. That means about $800 a month in gas expenses alone. If that goes up, the cab drivers will just be out more.

A number of other factors affect gas prices, said Colgan and Gregg Laskoski, a senior petroleum analyst for GasBuddy.com who is based in Tampa.

Weather can have a huge effect on price fluctuations, especially in areas that are prone to hurricanes and other natural disasters, Laskoski said. The threat of a hurricane can force offshore oil rigs to shut down and evacuate for as long as a week, he said, disrupting the supply of domestic oil.

Damage to coastal oil refineries from hurricanes such as Katrina and Sandy has an even longer-lasting effect, he said, because it can take weeks to get those operations back to full capacity.

In Maine, weather's effects on gas prices tend to be less dramatic but still very real, the analysts said. For instance, a prolonged summer heat wave tends to drive up prices because people are more likely to travel by motor vehicle, Laskoski said.

Gas prices also can spike when winter weather comes later than usual or is milder than expected, Colgan said.

Refineries in Quebec and Ontario, which provide both petroleum and heating oil to Maine, decrease production of gasoline each winter and increase heating-oil production.

Mainers drive much less during cold weather and instead use more heating oil, he said, but if temperatures remain mild, it can result in a gasoline shortage.

"If they time it wrong, you can get a negative effect on prices," Colgan said about the transition from gasoline to heating-oil production.

Taxes and government regulation also affect gas prices, although in predictable ways, Laskoski said. For instance, Maine residents pay about 50 cents per gallon in state and federal taxes when they buy gas, he said, about 10 cents more than the national average.

Because of federal mandates for the use of cleaner-burning fuel additives from May 1 to Sept. 30, consumers across the U.S. tend to pay more for gas in the summer than they do in the winter, Laskoski said.

"That's why we usually see the lowest price of the year in the fourth quarter," he said.

Investor activity also plays a major role in the price of gasoline.

Investors buy crude-oil futures for a variety of reasons, Laskoski said, including the belief that oil prices will increase, or as a hedge against other potential losses such as a weakening of the U.S. dollar.

Therefore, when the dollar's global value declines, gas prices tend to go up, Laskoski said, with no relation to the balance of supply and demand.

One of the only sure-fire ways to reduce the price of gas is to descend into a deep economic recession, Laskoski said.

"Everybody wants low gas prices, but you've got to be careful what you ask for," he said.


-- Staff Writer Karen Antonacci contributed to this report.


J. Craig Anderson can be contacted at 791-6390 or at:


Twitter: @jcraiganderson


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Additional Photos

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Tanika Newell from Westbrook gets gas at Ralph's/Holly's in Westbrook as she and other motorists react to higher gas prices on Monday, July 15, 2013.

John Patriquin / Staff Photographer

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A sign at Ralph's/Holly's in Westbrook announces gas costs $3.69 per gallon. Gas prices have skyrocketed in Maine this summer.

John Patriquin / Staff Photographer


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