OCEAN SPRINGS, Miss. — The compensation fund for Gulf oil spill victims has issued a final settlement payment to just one of the thousands of people and businesses waiting for checks, records show, and that $10 million payout went to a company after BP intervened on its behalf.

BP won’t identify the business, citing confidentiality, but acknowledges it lobbied for the settlement. The amount far exceeds smaller stopgap payments that some individuals and businesses have received while they wait for their own final settlements.

The Gulf Coast Claims Facility was set up in August to independently administer BP’s $20 billion compensation fund in the aftermath of its April 20 oil well blowout off Louisiana.

As of this weekend, roughly 91,000 people and businesses had filed for final settlements, but the fund’s administrator, Washington lawyer Kenneth Feinberg, has said those checks won’t start rolling out until this month at the earliest. Thousands of people have gotten some money to tide them over until a final settlement amount is offered, but only one business listed as paid on the facility’s website has so far received a check.

A BP spokeswoman called it “a unique situation in which an existing BP business partner and BP submitted a view on a specific claim” to the facility.

The facility “reviewed our positions and made an independent decision regarding the outcome of the claim,” BP spokeswoman Hejdi Feick said in an e-mail Sunday to The Associated Press.

Feick did not immediately return a telephone message Monday seeking additional details.

Feinberg said Monday that the facility never reviewed that claim for merit. He said BP struck an outside deal with the business and told the fund to make the payment.

“It was a private settlement and we paid it, but we were not privy to the settlement negotiations between BP and that party,” Feinberg said. “We never reviewed the claim.”

Rudy Toler, 30, a shrimper and oysterman from Gulfport, Miss., called the payment disgusting.

“It makes me sick,” said Toler, a married father of four who hasn’t received a dime from the fund. “It’s just criminal.”

Early on, he filed a claim for losses of about $140,000 for the six months he couldn’t work through the summer. He was denied. The claims facility told him his paperwork is under review again, but in the meantime, Toler is struggling to pay his bills and feed his family.

“I’m doing the best I can,” he said Monday. “Every day is a struggle.”

Mayor Tony Kennon of Orange Beach, Ala., a tourist town hit particularly hard by the oil spill, said the early settlement payment “reeks of favoritism.”

“It stinks,” Kennon said Monday. “It’s exactly what we’ve been screaming about. There’s not an independent entity. There’s no oversight.”

Feinberg has faced repeated criticism from lawmakers, plaintiffs attorneys and claimants who complain about a lack of transparency and independence from BP, as well as claims being shortchanged and paid too slowly, or not at all.

His law firm had been receiving $850,000 a month from BP for its work. Feinberg is currently negotiating with BP over a new payment structure to run the fund through August 2013. Any money left over from the $20 billion is expected to be returned to BP.

Feinberg has repeatedly promised fairness and transparency. He calls the program a success and notes it has already paid out more than $3.3 billion to some 251,000 claimants. However, roughly half of the 484,000 claims filed have been denied because of ineligibility or lack of documentation, meaning they got nothing, like Toler.

And while there is an appeals process through the Coast Guard for disgruntled claimants, the agency has consistently sided with the facility. Feinberg said the Coast Guard had processed 264 out of 507 appeals filed, and in every case has agreed with the decisions by the claims fund.