On August 22, 1485, England’s King Richard III was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field, effectively ending the War of the Roses.

Ten years ago

The last Jewish settlers left Gaza, making way for the Palestinian government. During a speech to the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Salt Lake City, President George W. Bush compared the fight against terrorism to both world wars and other great conflicts of the 20th century.

Five years ago

Chilean President Sebastian Pinera confirmed that all the miners trapped deep underground for 17 days were still alive after a probe came back with a handwritten note, “All 33 of us are fine in the shelter.” (The miners were rescued the following October.) A proposed mosque near ground zero drew hundreds of fever-pitch demonstrators, with opponents carrying signs associating Islam with blood and supporters shouting, “Say no to racist fear!”

One year ago

Tensions between Russia and Ukraine escalated sharply as Moscow sent more than 130 trucks rolling across the border in what it said was a mission to deliver humanitarian aid. The United Nations reported the death toll from three years of Syria’s civil war had risen to more than 191,000 people.

— By The Associated Press