DHAKA, Bangladesh — Police in Bangladesh on Sunday charged the owners of a garment factory and 11 of their employees with culpable homicide for alleged negligence in a fire at the facility last year that killed 112 people.

It’s the first time such charges have been filed against a garment factory owner in Bangladesh, which has the world’s second-largest garment industry.

The sprawling Tazreen Fashions Ltd. factory, located outside Dhaka, the capital, produced clothes for global brands including Walmart.

The owners – Delwar Hossain and his wife, Mahmuda Akter – were charged along with 11 of the factory’s managers, security guards and engineers, said Public Prosecutor Anwarul Kabir Babul.

Bangladesh is the world’s second-largest garment manufacturer after China and earns more than $20 billion a year from exports, mainly to the United States and Europe. The industry employs about 4 million workers, mostly women.

After the fire on Nov. 24, 2012, the industry came under scrutiny for its often harsh and unsafe working conditions. But the sector got even greater attention after the collapse of a building that housed garment factories killed more than 1,100 workers in April.

All 13 who were charged Sunday could face life in prison if convicted.

According to the charges, which were filed at a Dhaka court, the casualties in the fire were a result of negligence in ensuring safety at the factory, Babul said.

The factory had no emergency fire exits and was located in a narrow alley, obstructing firefighters who were called to the scene of the fire, he said

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