MEDFORD, Mass. — Some of the 11 people charged in connection with an armed standoff along Interstate 95 early Saturday refused to cooperate with court authorities during their arraignments Tuesday.

The first to appear, Quinn Cumberlander, 40, of Pawtucket, told the judge in a courtroom with a heavy security presence that he was a “foreign national” who cannot face criminal charges, and said he did not want a defense attorney.

Cumberlander invoked his Second Amendment right to bear arms, said the case should be heard in federal court, and said he meant no harm.

The judge eventually held him without bail pending a hearing scheduled for Friday to determine whether he is dangerous.

Another defendant, Robert Rodriguez, 21, of the Bronx, New York, asked that a fellow defendant serve as his attorney but the judge noted the man is not a licensed lawyer.

A third defendant, who has refused to identify himself to authorities, told the judge he was a “free Moor.”


The defendants, 10 men and a 17-year-old juvenile, say they are members of a group called Rise of the Moors. Several of their supporters also were in court.

They face several charges that include unlawful possession of a firearm and ammunition, and the use of body armor in commission of a crime, in connection with the standoff that started early Saturday morning on Interstate 95 in Wakefield.

State police say they recovered three AR-15 rifles, two pistols, a bolt-action rifle, a shotgun and a short-barrel rifle.

The standoff began when a state police trooper stopped to offer assistance to the vehicles he found on the side of the highway that were refueling.

The men, who were dressed in military fatigues and body armor and were armed with long guns and pistols, did not have licenses to carry firearms in Massachusetts, police said. After being stopped by police in Massachusetts, some of the defendants ran into the woods along the highway, leading to a standoff that lasted several hours and prompted the closure of the busy highway on a holiday weekend.

They told police they were traveling from Rhode Island to Maine to conduct what they called “training.”


Maine Department of Public Safety spokesperson Shannon Moss said just because members of the group told authorities they were driving to Maine for training does not mean that was where they were actually headed. Even if the group was headed to Maine, state police do not know their exact destination.

“At this time, we still cannot confirm that these men were in fact heading to Maine,” Moss said Tuesday evening in an email. “Massachusetts State Police can’t confirm it either. Whether there is a connection or not is still being investigated by the (Maine Information and Analysis Center).”

Moss said MIAC closely monitored the situation as it unfolded Saturday in Massachusetts. Moss said since the men were taken into custody, MIAC has continued to investigate and will follow up on any leads or intelligence it receives from state law enforcement or their partners at the FBI.

The Maine Information and Analysis Center is a state police intelligence agency that is one of more than 70 so-called fusion centers in the United States that were created after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 to help agencies prevent future attacks by sharing information. Many of the fusion centers have since morphed into an omnibus law enforcement resource for local police investigating all crimes, including drug trafficking, gangs and in rare cases, domestic extremism.

The Southern Poverty Law Center says the Moorish sovereign citizen movement is a collection of independent organizations and individuals that emerged in the 1990s as an offshoot of the antigovernment sovereign citizens’ movement. People in the movement believe individual citizens hold sovereignty over, and are independent of, the authority of federal and state governments.

The vast majority of Moorish sovereign citizens are African American, according to the SPLC.

The Rise of the Moors website, however, says they are not sovereign citizens, but the original sovereigns of the United States based on a 1789 letter from George Washington to the sultan of Morocco.

Those arrested Saturday were identified as Cumberlander; Rodriguez; Jamhal Latimer, also known as Jamhal Talib Abdullah Bey; Wilfredo Hernandez, also known as Will Musa; Alban El Curraugh; Aaron Lamont Johnson, also known as Tarrif Sharif Bey; Lamar Dow; Conrad Pierre; a 17-year-old juvenile; and two who have refused to identify themselves, state police said.

They are from Rhode Island, New York and Michigan.

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