Friday, December 6, 2013
By WILLIAM DOUGLAS McClatchy Washington Bureau
Edith Lee-Payne remembers standing by a fence just a few feet away from the Lincoln Memorial on a sweltering August day a half-century ago, captivated by the words and powerful message delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Edith Lee-Payne, a community activist in Detroit, stands in front of an image of herself at age 12 taken at the March on Washington in 1963. “Everyone was hanging on Dr. King’s every word,” she says. “When you heard him, you felt it was going to be all right.”
Kathleen Galligan/Detroit Free Press/MCT
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963.
The Associated Press
She was only 12 at the time, but Lee-Payne fully understood why her family made the pilgrimage by bus from Detroit to join an estimated 250,000 people who gathered for the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
"I knew what was going on in the South from television," said Lee-Payne, who's now a 61-year-old community activist in Detroit. "Everyone was hanging on Dr. King's every word, including me. When you heard him, you felt it was going to be all right. It was going to be all right."
Lee-Payne is scheduled to return to the Lincoln Memorial this week to join tens of thousands of others observing the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington and King's iconic "I Have a Dream" speech.
Nearly a week's worth of events -- from an anniversary march Saturday to President Obama delivering an address at the Lincoln Memorial next Wednesday -- will mark an occasion that organizers hope will be more than a celebration of a crucial chapter in American history.
'WE HAVE TO STAND UP'
They hope it serves as a call to action to counter what many in the civil rights and African-American communities see as threats to hard-fought victories of the 1960s that expanded voting rights, enhanced employment and educational opportunities, and balanced the scales of justice for a previously disenfranchised people.
Last month's acquittal of George Zimmerman in the shooting death of Florida teenager Trayvon Martin; the Supreme Court decision in June striking down a key provision of the 1964 Voting Rights Act and hinting of a more skeptical view toward affirmative action programs; and an African-American unemployment rate that's well above the national average have raised questions and concerns about the state of King's dream of racial equality and progress.
"These are unsettling times, difficult times," said NAACP Missouri State Conference President Mary Ratliff, who's chartered a bus to carry Missouri residents to Washington for the anniversary events. "We're seeing the gains that we've made slip back, and we have to stand up."
A Gallup poll taken in July before the Zimmerman verdict found that 52 percent of blacks are dissatisfied with the way they're treated in U.S. society while 47 percent say they're satisfied. Though still tilting negative, the poll's numbers are an improvement from 2001 to 2008, when as many as 68 percent of blacks were dissatisfied with their treatment by American society.
Still, there's no denying that many things have improved since 1963. Gone are the obvious vestiges of Jim Crow laws, from segregated schools and public accommodations to the criminalization of interracial marriage in several states and the narrow paths African-Americans had to tread to achieve social, political and economic advancement.
Black voters turned out in record numbers in 2008 and 2012, a legacy of federal voting rights legislation and the candidacy of Barack Obama, said Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga., a former chair of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the only surviving speaker from the 1963 march.
Eighty-five percent of blacks complete high school today, compared with just 25 percent in 1963, according to the National Urban League 2013 "State of Black America" report. That's contributed to nearly a tripling of black Americans enrolled in college today versus a half-century ago, the report says. For every black college graduate back in 1963, there are now five.
The number of blacks living in poverty has shrunk from 48 percent in 1963 to 28 percent today. Black children living in impoverished conditions dropped from 57 percent a half-century ago to 38 percent today, the Urban League study said.
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